Pilates vs Yoga: These Are The Key Differences
Pilates and Yoga have both taken the fitness world by storm in the last 50+ years.
Each practice has drawn its fair share of fans who swear by one or the other.
At first glance, it may seem that both are very similar, but are they?
Let’s have a closer look at the main differences that set these two fitness practices apart.
1 – The End Goal
The biggest overarching difference between Pilates and Yoga is the end goal.
The goal of Pilates is to rehabilitate the body, strengthen the core (abdomen), and improve posture.
The goal of Yoga is to experience unity and connection, first within oneself and the body, and then with the rest of the world.
2 – Origins
Yoga is much older than Pilates.
It’s an ancient practice dated as far back as 5,000 years with its origins in India.
Pilates was created post World War II, circa 1920 by a German named Joseph Pilates.
3 – Points of Focus
Pilates is very focused on the physical body while Yoga is a mental/emotional/physical/spiritual practice.
In Yoga, we use the body to transcend the mind and reach the highest level of consciousness known as Samadhi.
4 – Different Styles
Pilates is generally viewed as having two styles – mat pilates or pilates performed on the machines such as the Reformer.
There are many different styles of yoga, however.
Some are muscle-focused and fast-paced, like Ashtanga, Vinyasa, Power Yoga, and Hot Yoga.
Others are slower-paced and focus on the connective tissues, tendons, and ligaments, like Yin Yoga and Restorative Yoga.
5 – Breath-Focused
While both use the breath as a practice tool, the intention behind it is different.
In Pilates, the breath is used to aid the muscles and provide them with oxygen and energy.
Controlled breathing in Pilates is done to help the core muscles contract during exercises.
Breath control (Pranayama) is a major focus in Yoga too.
Yogis use their breath to help calm down a racing mind, anxiety, and an overactive nervous system.
They can also use the breath to energize and wake the body up.
6 – Types of Practices
While both practices have a focus on working the physical body and the breath as a tool, Yoga has other focuses too.
Lifestyle practices such as self-regulating behaviors (Yamas) and personal observances (Niyamas), drawing the senses inwardly (Pratyahara), sustaining one-pointed focus (Dharana), deep meditation (Dhyana), and blissful transcendence and inner knowing (Samadhi) are also points of focus of Classical Yoga too.
- Both increase quality of life and health
- Both require mental focus, presence, and body awareness
- Both are low-impact workouts that focus on using your own body weight as resistance
- Both focus on breath, alignment, strength, stability, balance, flexibility
- Both strengthen your core (though Pilates is extra focused on this)
- Yoga and mat Pilates are done on a mat with props
Both practices are effective and beneficial for mental, emotional, and more importantly physical health.
Why should you have to choose between one or the other?
Why not practice both in a way that works for you?
One isn’t better than the other.
Comparing them is like comparing apples and oranges.
By practicing both you’ll increase your chances of getting the results you’re after and reaping all of the combined benefits.